Education & Literature

    Unveiling the Challenges: Girls' Education in Rural India

    Seema Agarwal
    March30/ 2024
    Last Updated:

    Navigating Obstacles in Rural Education. Insights from Dharmendra Pradhan's Report on Girls' Education in India, Challenges, and the Path to Economic Empowerment.

    Representative Image

    A young girl named Priya lives in the busy streets of a charming Indian village, where the scent of freshly brewed chai dances in the air and the morning sun greets the soil softly. Priya is the embodiment of the hopes and dreams of innumerable young girls in rural India, with her bright eyes full of inquiry and her dreams as big as the open sky. But beneath her contagious smile is a story of tenacity and will in the face of overwhelming adversity—a story representative of the problems facing girls' education in the nation.
    Priya takes the burden of social expectations and constraints with her when she travels to the nearby school every day, traversing uneven trails and brilliant wheat fields.Priya has a desire to learn to build a better future for herself, but she keeps running against obstacles that could ruin her plans to go to school.
    The 2023 report on the status of primary education in the hinterlands of India was recently released by Dharmendra Pradhan, India's Minister of Education. The data laid out in the paper makes it abundantly evident that there is growing support in Indian communities for girls' education. The survey indicates that 82% of rural parents today hope their sons will follow in their sons' footsteps and 78% of parents in rural areas hope their girls would pursue higher education or a degree.

    The survey's statistics provide insight into how attitudes about girls' education are evolving in India.But even with this change, there are still a lot of obstacles in the way of educating half of the country's people and achieving economic independence. Even in this day and age, educating girls is not an easy task. The same survey also found that girls are more likely than boys to drop out of primary school, with 75% of these youngsters being girls.

    In India, just 11% of villages have high schools that offer instruction up to the 10th grade, and only 6.57% of villages have senior secondary schools (grades 11 and 12). This information comes from a report released by the Ministry of Rural Development.
    An examination of states shows that over 15% of villages in almost ten states still lack access to education.In rural areas, parents do not send their daughters to school for a basic education because there are no further education facilities. Due to the lack of surrounding schools, even if they are admitted, they frequently stop their education after primary school.

    A Development Intelligence Unit poll indicates that about 37% of village parents admit that shifting household chores forces them to stop their daughters' schooling in the middle of the term. Furthermore, according to 21.1% of parents, girls' assistance with home duties, attention for younger siblings, and support for their mothers ultimately results in their dropping out of school.

    Girls are further isolated from employment prospects by the low enrollment of females in higher education.According to numerous research, young women in India around the ages of 15 and 25 have an unemployment rate of 11.5%, while young men in the same age range have an unemployment rate of 9.8%.

    According to all of these data, there roughly 145 million illiterate women in India; the problem is worse in rural than in urban regions. The depressing situation of girls' education is caused by a number of causes, including patriarchy, social biases, gender inequity, and women's safety. A recent Ministry of Health survey also found a direct link between mothers' educational attainment and the nutritional health of their children.

    Girls' education needs to be prioritized if India is to become a $5 trillion economy by 2024. Building a healthy human capital in the nation requires both community involvement and government efforts, of which girls' education is a critical component.