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    165-Year-Old Human Skeletons From Ajnala In Punjab Belong To The Martyrs Of The Ganga Plain

    Human Skeletons
    Sunil Aswal
    April29/ 2022

    Chandigarh (The Hawk): A large number of human skeletons were excavated from an old well in Ajnala town of Punjab in early 2014. Some historians believe that these skeletons belong to the people who were killed in riots during the partition of India and Pakistan. The other prevailing belief, based on various historical sources, is that these are skeletons of the Indian soldiers killed by the British army during the revolt of 1857 of Indian freedom struggle. However, the identity and the geographic origins of these soldiers have been under intense debate due to lack of scientific evidence. Dr J.S. Sehrawat, Forensic Anthropologist and a Faculty from Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, collaborated with the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) Hyderabad, Birbal Sahni Institute, Lucknow and Benaras Hindu University (BHU) to establish the roots of these martyrs using DNA and isotope analyses. The finding of this study revealed that the skeletons belonged to residents of the Gangetic plain region. The study was published on 28th April, 2022 in the journal Frontiers in Genetics. Researchers have used 50 samples for DNA analysis and 85 specimens for isotope analysis. “DNA analysis helps understanding ancestry of people, and isotope analysis sheds light on food habits. Both the research methods supported that the human skeletons found in the well were not of people living in Punjab or Pakistan. Rather, DNA sequences matched with the people from UP, Bihar, and West Bengal”, said Dr K. Thangaraj, Chief Scientist, CCMB; Director, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, and a senior member of this team. “The results from this research are consistent with the historical evidence that the 26th N ...

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