PMO, The +Ve Mobiliser of India keeping it in constant uniform motion of all round progress/es…The PMO provides secretarial assistance to the Prime Minister. It is headed by the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) (Pradhānamatrī Kāryālaya) consists of the immediate staff of the Prime Minister of India, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting directly to the Prime Minister. The PMO is headed by the Principal Secretary, currently Pramod Kumar Misra. The PMO was originally called the Prime Minister's Secretariat until 1977, when it was renamed during the Morarji Desai ministry.Along with him are: Ajit Kumar Doval, National security Advisor; Principal Advisor to Modi P K Sinha, Secretary Ajit Kumar Doval, Principal Advisor to PM P K Sinha, Secretary Anil Kumar Gupta, Additional Secretary Arvind Kumar Sharma, Private Secretary Rajeev Topno, Private Secretary Vivek Kumar, Private Secretary Hardik Satishchandra Shah…The Prime Minister's Secretariat was created in 1947 when India gained independence. The Secretariat was created for the immediate purpose of taking over the functions performed till then by the Secretary to the Governor-General, as the Prime Minister took over almost all functions which the Governor-General prior to independence, performed as the executive head of the Government.
PMO is an extra-constitutional body that has no mention in the Indian Constitution. However, it was given the status of a department under the Government of India Allocation of Business Rules, 1961.
Since June 1977, it is known as Prime Minister's Office and is headed by the Secretary to the Prime Minister who is now designated as the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister.
The Need for PMO is due to Complexity and scope of government have increased tremendously. Thus it requires a strong and technically efficient staff agency to handle the same.The problems of coordination between the Ministers are becoming more complex. Since all Ministers are entitled to have an office set-up of their own to enable them to perform their functions. PMO is the office of the Prime Minister. Most importantly, the PMO has two irreducible functions. Firstly, PMO is the conduit to and from the Modi. Secondly, the Modi depends on PMO, i.e. Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister, if he wants a second opinion on any matter.
Structure of PMO comprises Politically headed by Prime MinisterAdministratively headed by Principal Secretary; One or two additional secretaries; 5 joint secretaries; A number of directors/ deputy secretaries and under secretaries;The personnel are generally drawn from the civil services and also appointed for the varying periods. In PMO and its Administrative function, well, it acts as a link between the PM and his Ministers, President, Governors, Chief Ministers and also Foreign representatives. And, on the other side, that is the public side where it is concerned with the party matters, personal correspondences, complaints from the public, and many more. It helps the PM in the performance of his functions as the head of the government.
Among the principal functions of PMO: To deal with all references which under the rules of business have to come to the PM; To help the PM in the discharge of his overall responsibilities as the Chief Executive like liaison with the Union Ministries and the State govts on matters which the PM may be interested; To help the PM in the discharge of his responsibilities as the Chairman of Niti Aayog. To deal with Public relations side of the PMO. To provide PM assistance in the examination of cases submitted to him for an order under prescribed rules.
About Status of PMO: The personality of the Principal Secretary and his relationship with the Prime Minister determines the status of PMO. The Prime Minister's trust in the Principal Secretary also determines the position of PMO. Further, the status of the Prime Minister within the Cabinet is also a determining factor. If he is weak, he will have to take all decisions in the Cabinet. In this case, the PMO will be weak and vice-versa. If it is a coalition Government, naturally the allies would have to be involved in the decision-making process. In a coalition Government, the status of PMO may be less powerful when compared to a Prime Minister who is the leader of the majority part. While decentralization causes havoc, centralization, too, comes at a cost. Prime Minister must pay close attention to how they manage their tendencies to centralize. They tread that fine path on which they maintain control over their band organization.
—The Hawk Features